Master the Roulette - the Roulette Terms

There are a lot of terms, which are used in roulette. In order to understand the principles and the specificity of the game better, one should know them. Here is a list of the most used terms in roulette casino game.




American roulette

This type of roulette has a roulette wheel which consists of 38 numbered pockets (1-36) and two zero pockets (single and double). The double zero gives higher house advantage, if compared to European roulette.


Biased wheel

The imperfect wheel, where some numbers come more frequently, than the others.

Black bet

Wagering that the next winning number will be black.


Column bet

Bet on one of three columns.

Corner bet

Bet on 4 numbers, by placing a chip at the middle of these 4 numbers.


Dozen bet

Bet on any of 3 sets of 12 numbers (1-12, 13-24, 25-36).


En prison rule

When the ball lands in 0 pocket and a player has placed the even money bet on black/red, even/odd or high/low, the bet can be left for the next spin of the wheel, or a half of the bet can be taken back, whereas the other half is lost. If the ball doesn't land on zero slot, the player has his/her bet back without the payoff. This rule offers low house advantage for even money bets (1.35%).

European roulette

This type of roulette has a roulette wheel which consists of 37 numbered pockets (1-36) and one zero (0). This roulette has a decreased house edge, comparably with American roulette.

Even-number bet

A bet on even numbers. Zeros (0, 00) are not even numbers.


Fibonacci betting system

System of betting, when the players need to multiply their bet after loss according to Fibonacci sequence (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 etc).

Five-number bet

The bet, which can be placed only in American roulette. It is betting on 0, 00, 1, 2, 3 all at once.


High bet

Bet on the top 18 numbers (19-36).

House edge

The profit, which the house earns after each game.


Inside bet

Bet on number(s) on the inside part of the table.


La partage rule

The rule, which is used in European roulette. This rule means that players lose only 50 % of money for even bets when zero wins.

Low bet

A bet on the bottom 18 numbers (1-19).

Line bet

Bet on 1 of 6 numbers in two lines.


Martingale system

System of betting, where the gambler places even-money bets and doubles the bet in case of loss.


Non-value chip (table minimum bet)

A chip, whose value depends on the numbers of chips taken in a buy-in.


Odd-number bet

A bet on odd numbers.

Outside bet

Bets, which are placed outside the grid.

Orphelins (Orphans)

A bet in European roulette, when a gambler bets on specific 3 numbers, which are close on the roulette wheel.


Payout (pay out)

The player's winning.


Quarter bet

A bet on 1 of 4 numbers. The payout is 8 to 1.


Red bet

Wagering that the next winning number will be red.

Roulette chips

Special chips used for a roulette casino game. In American roulette they are of different color.

Roulette layout

It has a numbered grid and colors on the table, where the gamblers put their bets.


Split bet

A bet on 2 numbers all at once.

Straight bet

A bet on just one number. The payout is 35 to 1.

Street bet

A bet on 3 numbers.


Tiers du cylinder

Betting on the group of numbers, which are close to each other on the roulette wheel. It includes all the numbers from 27 to 33. The payout is 2 to 1.


Voisin du zero

A bet on the numbers, which are close to zero. Includes the numbers from 22 to 25.


Wheel head

The part of the wheel, which has numbered pockets.